Early Detection And Screening of Prostate Cancer

Early Detection And Screening of Prostate Cancer
As Prostate Cancer is asymptomatic in nature, doctors generally recommend annual screening tests for early detection of cancer for :
  • Men above the age of 40
  • Men with a history of cancer in family

The goal of prostate cancer screening and treatment is not only to prevent mortality but also to prevent other morbidities which come with metastatic prostate cancer, these may include :
  • Urinary tract obstruction
  • Fractures
  • Significant bone pain

Screening is done to detect cancer before any symptoms arise. Two standard tests http://www.achaten-suisse.com/ are carried out for screening of Prostate Cancer followed by a biopsy for confirmed diagnosis :

PSA Blood Test
It is a simple blood test that measures the level of a protein called Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA). Any abnormalities in prostate increase PSA level in blood. If PSA level is high for your age, further investigations are required to rule out cancer

Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)
It is a simple physical examination wherein the prostate is palpated through the rectum for hardness or bumps

Prostate Biopsy
Biopsy is the only definitive test to diagnose Prostate Cancer. It is a minimally invasive daycare procedure with almost no side effects. A thin needle is inserted through the rectum to remove many small tissue samples from the prostate; these tissue samples are studied under the microscope to identify cancerous cells

Based on DRE findings and PSA test scores, a biopsy is usually performed to confirm or rule out prostate cancer.
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